Dosage Form: Tablet
- Moderate to severe heart failure
Cardicoris not recommended for the emergency treatment of hypertensive crises.
Bisoprolol Hemifumarate is the most selective ß1 blocker. It displays highest level of affinity for the ß1 receptor than any other beta-blocker available up to now. Selectively blocks ß1 adrenergic receptor in the heart and vascular smooth muscle and reduces heart rate and cardiac output resulting in decrease of arterial hypertension. Lipid metabolism can be adversely affected by ß-blockers, in patients with non-ß1 selective ß1-blocker, but Bisoprolol does not cause any change in the cholesterol fraction including the cardioprotective HDL-cholesterol, in long-term therapy.
Adult: In the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension, Bisoprolol fumarate must be individualized to the needs of the patient. The usual starting dose is 5 mg once daily either added to a diuretic or alone. If the response to 5 mg is inadequate, the dose may be increased to 10 mg and then, if necessary, to 20 mg once daily. An appropriate interval for dose titration is 2 weeks. Increasing the dose beyond 20 mg once daily produces only a small incremental benefit.
Children: Safety and effectiveness in children have not been established.
Patients With Renal or Hepatic Impairment: In patients with hepatic impairment (hepatitis or cirrhosis) or renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance less than 40 mL/min) as in other patients, the initial daily dose should be 5 mg. Because of the possibility of accumulation, caution must be used in dose titration. Since limited data suggest that bisoprolol fumarate is not dialysable, drug replacement is not necessary in patients undergoing dialysis.
Geriatrics: In the elderly, it is not usually necessary to adjust the dose, unless there is also significant renal or hepatic dysfunction
Route of administration: Orally
Other β-blocking Agents: Cardicorfumarate should not be combined with other β-blocking agents.
Catecholamine-Depleting Drugs: Patients receiving catecholamine-depleting drugs, such as reserpine or guanethidine, should be monitored closely because the added β-adrenergic blocking action of bisoprolol fumarate may produce excessive reduction of sympathetic activity.
Centrally Active Antihypertensive Agents: β-blockers may exacerbate the rebound hypertension which can follow the withdrawal of clonidine. If the two drugs are coadministered, the β-blocker should be withdrawn several days before discontinuing clonidine. If replacing clonidine by β-blocker therapy, the introduction of β-blockers should be delayed for several days after clonidine administration has stopped (see also prescribing information for clonidine).
Antiarrhythmic Agents: Cardicorfumarate should be used with care when myocardial depressants or inhibitors of A-V conduction, such as certain calcium antagonists (particularly of the phenyl alkylamine (verapamil) and benzothiazepine (diltiazem) classes), or antiarrhythmic agents, such as disopyramide, are used concurrently.
Calcium Channel Blockers: Combined use of β-blockers and calcium channel blockers with negative inotropic effects can lead to prolongation of S-A and A-V conduction, particularly in patients with impaired ventricular function or conduction abnormalities. This may result in severe hypotension, bradycardia and cardiac failure.
In patients with cardiogenic shock, overt heart failure, second or third degree A-V block, right ventricular failure secondary to pulmonary hypertension and sinus bradycardia.
Cardicor like any medication, may have some side effects. It is important that you keep your doctor informed of all side effects especially if you experience one of the following for several days. The most common side effects, whether or not caused by Cardicor are: headache, fatigue, urinary tract infection, rhinitis or sinusitis (inflammation in the nose), diarrhea, dizziness, peripheral edema (swelling of the ankles), joint pain, cough, insomnia (trouble sleeping), nausea (feeling like vomiting), and sore throat. You must seek medical attention immediately if you experience an allergic reaction with symptoms of rash, itching, swelling, dizziness or trouble breathing.
Medicines affect different people in different ways. Just because side effects have occurred in other patients does not mean you will get them. Discuss how you feel on Cardicorwith your doctor or pharmacist. Do not stop or restart Cardicoron your own.
Pregnancy & Lactation:
Monitoring of renal, hepatic and hematopoietic function should be performed at regular intervals during long-term treatment with bisoprolol..
Anti adrenergic agent (Beta blockers), Beta-adrenoceptor blocking drugs, Beta-blockers.
Keep in a dry place away from light and heat. Keep out of the reach of children.
Manufactured by: UniMed UniHealth Pharmaceuticals Ltd.